Trócaire is an Irish charity and the overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. We work with partners in over 20 countries in the developing world to empower communities to improve their lives, meet their basic needs and ensure their human dignity. In Ireland, we raise awareness about the root causes of poverty and injustice, and advocate for change.
Trócaire was set up in 1973 as a charity to express the concern of the Irish Catholic Church for the suffering of people living in the world’s poorest regions.
This is The Narrative Report Progress of Reforestation Nusakambangan Island with Strengthening Local Society Model, first report on August 2011. This project is one of Trocaire’s contribution and supporrt to Yayasan Sosial Bina Sejahtera (YSBS).
THE REFORESTATION PROJECT REPORT IN NUSAKAMBANGAN ISLAND
As the follow up to the M.O.U. between Central Java Province Law and Human Rights Department and The Foundation of the Bringing About of Prosperity and Good Will (YSBS Cilacap) No. WUM.01.10-323, dated 7 April 2010, in the same year YSBS started the reforestation project in Solok Jero area, in Nusakambangan Island. The purpose of the reforestation project is to restore the forest in Nusakambangan Island to the previous ecosystem and give a significant contribution on reducing the danger of global warming. Therefore, we prioritize the indigenous plants from the Island to be planted and the strategy that we use is organizing and recruiting the settlers around the area so that they can participate actively in implementing the reforestation program in Nusakambangan Island. To keep the sustainability and the success of the project we carry out the system what is called “tumpang sari”, which means in the same area among those main and hard trees which may not be cut or logged they also plant and cultivate sorts of vegetable called “palawija”.
The project was officially confirmed by the Vice Governor of Central Java Pronvince, Mrs. Rustriningsih, and witnessed by the Law and Human Rights Department of Central Java Province, Mr. Chairudin Idrus, on May 1st 2011.
The following is our report on the implementation of the project so far. We are also attaching some pictures on the project.
The Improvement of the Project
Pic 1, Showing the area which has been covered by the indigenous plant from the island. With the appropriate treatment the plants grew well and healthily
The first step of the reforestation is seedling the indigenous plants. The seedling nursery is done in the area to guarantee the efficiency and the indigenousness of the plants. The seedling planting is done both in the base camp of the project and in the settler’s land. The seedlings in the base camp functions as the samples, whereas the ones in the settler’s land is meant to reduce the distance between the seedling area and the reforestation area which can minimize the cost of moving the young plants to the reforestation area.
Pics 2 and 3, showing the seedling process in the Base Camp of the Coordinator Reforestation Project.
The seedlings in this Base camp gives a very important education to the settlers, for they can learn the appropriate seedling process and study how to do the seedlings correctly, also how to overcome the plant disease they might encounter. The readied seedlings then are taken to the settlers‘ area.
Pics 6 – 9 shows the seedling in the settler’s area next to their huts.
2. The implimentation of tumpang sari system to support the project
As we mentioned above that in this reforestation project we carry out Tumpang Sari system. We chose that system because there has been no better system to support the sustainability of the project with the least cost so far. Tumpang Sari system means the settlers can plant vegetables / palawija among the timber or the fruit trees. So, the settlers who are involved in the project do not receive any payment, but they can still harvest from the vegetable and fruit trees which they plant among the indigenous plants. This system proves to function very well, where thie symbiosis take places.
Pics 10 and 11 show the indigenous plant among the vegetable and fruit trees. Pics 12 – 15 the young indigenous plants after the vegetable was harvested.
Due to the failure of the paddi harvest the previous year, the Foundation of the Bringing About of the Prosperity and Good Will helped the farmers by donating money to buy corn seed, lentils kidney beans, and green peas. Those plants grew very well and the first harvest yieled a good quality and quantity crop.
Pics 16 – 18 show the „Palawija“ which grew very well and gave the farmers the successful way out to overcome the problem due to the Paddi Gogo failure.
3. The Harvest
Corn: 7,5 tons (July 2011)
Kidney Beans: 6 tons (July 2011)
Green Beans: 6 tons (July 2011)
Pics 19- 22 show the harvest of Corn and beans.
Pic 23. A farmer thank Father Charlie (the Foundation) for the donation which are corn seeds, kidney bean seed, and green bean seeds that have helped them from the Paddi Gogo failure.
4. Instructions for the Non Worker People in Nusakambangan Island
To maintain the security and the success of the reforestation project in Nusakambangan Island, two years before ( in 2009 )Nusakambangan Prison authority issued instructions for settlers/non worker people around the Nusakambangan Prison area. There are 5 ( five ) prohibitions in that instructions that should be obeyed by all non workers people in the area, e.g.:
- Prohibition to change the function and mission of Nusakambangan forest,
- Prohibition to log the natural trees or planted trees,
- Prohibition to open a new area/settlement,
- Prohibition to sell or buy land/farmer area, and
- Prohibiton to hunt.
The settlers/farmers who are being trained by the Foundation have always obeyed those five prohibitions.
Unfortunately, those instructions are only directed to the non worker people in Nusakambangan area. Some problems still comes up so far, such as there are still timber-theives and hunters who come from outside the Nusakambangan area (they are not the people who live in Nusakambangan Island).
5. Planting the Spaying
The Reforestation Project managed by the Foundation of the Bringing About of the Prosperity and Good Will in Solok Jero area, Nusakambangan Island has shown a satisfying improvement. Tumpangsari system works very well, (warga binaan) the farmers can harvest and the indigenous plants have grown very well. These following pictures show some trees being planted, namely Jabon trees, have grown very well.
Pics 25 – 26 show the young indigenous trees (managed to grow well)
The settlers/farmers in Solok jero who are trained by the foundation have some roles. Besides as the pioneers who plan the indigenous plants, they also help the forest police to guard the Nusakambangan forest from the timber thieves. As a result, sometimes they have a threat from the timber thieves. Mr. Memet, the Foundation’s coordinator of the reforestation project, is one of those who have ever been threatened by the timber thieves, because he helped the police to catch the thieves. To protect the farmers from the threat, the Foundation asked for help from the Marines who post in Klaces, Nusakambangan.
7. Advisorying and Supptoring for The Farmers
The Foundation not only gave donations in the form of seeds and other farming material, but also a training, educational meeting, and discussion on finding solution on how to send their children to school for a better future than just farming in Nusakambangan Island. Therefore, the Foundation regularly has a meeting with the farmers.
The following pictures show Father Charlie, OMI, is discussing with the farmers on the possibilities of their children going to schools managed by the Foundation with the scholarship from the Foundation. Two schools which are promising enough among others are: SMK ( Vocational School ) and Akademi Maritim Nusantara (Nusantara Maritime Academy). Both have proved to enable the graduates to get jobs quicker with a very well payment. In this case, they can help the parents in Nusakambangan Island.
Pic 29. Father Charlie is discussing with the farmers about the education for their children.
8. The Coordination Meeting with The Wardens of Batu Nusakambangan Prison.
The Reforestation Project in Nusakambangan Island can only work well if the security is well guarranteed. Therefore, the existance of Warden Squad who work hand in hand with the people in keeping the security is also urgent. The Foundation always makes a coordination and regularly have a meeting with the squad to consolidate the forest security and the farmer safety in Nusakambangan Island.
Pics 30-31 showing the meeting between Father Charlie with the Batu Prison Squad discussing the coordination with the farmer to catch the timber thieves. One gang has been arrestted and is waiting for the trial.
9. The Committment for the Future
The Foundation Reforestation Project, especially in Solok Jero area, has just been started. From the evaluation of the first period we can conclude that the Reforestation Project is showing a satisfying progress. Even some of the indigenous trees has grown more than 2 ( two ) meters tall. On the other hand, due to the harvest of Palawija and fruit trees, the farmers become more anthusiatic to succeed the big Reforestation Project in Nusakambangan Island.
Up to the moment, there are 7 hectares of the farmers’ land which still have not been planted with the indigenous plants ( see the pic 32 below). This is because of the dry season which makes it unable to plant the indigenous trees. The planting will be done as soon as the wet season comes, the wet season is predicted to start in September.
Pic 32 shows the land which is ready to be planted with the indigenous plants..
As committed from the begining, the Foundation of the Bringing About of the Prosperity and Good Will still commits to give 1(one) million rupiahs to every farmer who succeeds to plant the indigenous plant and fruit trees in their land. Hopefully with that money they can cultivate more arid savanna to be planted with the indigenous plants and the fruit tress with the Tumpang Sari system so that the Reforestation widens. In that Reforestation area, it is forbidden to plant productive plants, but only the indigenous plants and fruit trees. The farmer/people are not allowed to cut or log the trees. They can only harvest the fruits from the trees.
On Thursday, 4 August 2011, after the meeting on The Uncontrolled Forest Logging especially Albiso Trees in Nusakambangan Island, which was held in Cilacap District’s Meeting Room, we made a discussion with the Forest Police on working together to support the indigenous plants seedling in Solok Jero. The result of the discussion was the Forest Police was willing to guide the farmers to find the seed in the reservation forest and train the farmer on how to propagate the seedlings properly in such a way that it produces the high quality indigenous trees. Based on our data, there are 170.000 indigenous seedlings in the pollybags which are ready to be planted in the wet season.
As the conclusion, we can inform that the Reforestation Project which is done together with the farmers in Solok Jero Nusakambangan has shown a very satisfying result. Regarding about the importance of Reforestation for human life, we are committed to keep on doing the Reforestation Project. We are grateful that the same commitment also happens to Central Java Province Law and Human Rights Department, Government and parties involved.
This is the report that we can provide so far. We really appreciate and deeply thank for all the support and partnership that have been given so far and in the future (sm).